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   The population of Eureka County has fluctuated significantly with the boom and bust patterns of mining activity common to the area. A decline in mining activity Eureka main street (U.S. Highway 50 ) -- looking eastcaused the county population to steadily drop from 1,350 residents in 1920 to a low of 767 people in 1960. Since 1960, however, the county population has steadily increased. Both the decade of the sixties and the decade of the seventies witnessed growth of over 23 percent, and during the eighties the County's population grew by 29 percent.

   Growth rates slowed appreciably in the nineties, with the county seeing a population increase of only 6.7 percent (104 people) from 1990 to 2000, according to 2000 census data. This was in contrast to the overall growth of the state, which realized the highest percentage population growth rate in the nation (66.3 percent). Current projections are predicting a similarly slow growth rate for Eureka County in the next decade.

County Population
Eureka County's population since 1920:
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
1,350
1,333
1,361
896
767
948
1,198
1,547
1,651
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Population Estimates
2002
2005
2010
1,982
2,036
2,129
Source: Nevada State Demographer's Office
   The majority of the County's residents live in the unincorporated town and county seat of Eureka, located in the southeastern corner of the county. The balance of county residents live primarily in Crescent Valley and Beowawe in northern Eureka County. The census reported 1,103 persons living in the Eureka census county division (CCD) and 548 persons in the Beowawe CCD.


Population Distribution by Age and Sex (2000)
   Comparative review of 2000 census data indicates the overall demographic composition of Eureka County is similar to that of the State and the Nation. The most significant difference can be seen in the population distribution of race. The County is predominately Caucasian (over 92 percent) with the remaining non-Caucasians being mostly American Indians. Statewide and nationally, minorities comprise a much higher share of the population.

Age

Under 5
5-19
20-44
45-64

65 and older
Total persons

Median age
Number

97
398
523
428

205
1,651

38.3 years
Percent

5.9%
24.1%
31.6%
25.9%

12.4%
--   
Sex

Male
Female
Number

852
799
Percent

51.6%
48.4%
   While the overall population of Eureka County increased slightly over the course of the past ten years, the number of those in the age group of 20 to 34 year-olds decreased by 37.7 percent. As a consequence, the median age of Eureka County residents increased from 33.3 years to 38.3 years of age from 1990 to 2000. This decrease is of some concern as the 20 to 34 age group is the basis for future economic growth in the County.

Source: University of Nevada, Reno, Center for Economic Development
http://www.ag.unr.edu/
U.S. Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov
State of Nevada Demographer
http://www.nsbdc.org/demographer/


Population Distribution by Race (2000)
Race

White
Black or African American
American Indian
Asian and Pacific Islanders
Other races

Persons of Hispanic origin
(may be of any race)
Number

1,531
9
68
15
86

158
Percent

92.7%
0.5%
4.1%
0.9%
5.2%

9.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov



Demographic Indicators (1999)
Births Rate -- 8.29 per 1,000 (16 births)
Source: Department of Human Resources, Vital Statistics



Household Type and Relationship


Total households
  Family households
  Married-couple family
Non-family households
  Householder living alone

Average household size
Average family size
1980

446
305
279
141
N/A

2.65
3.41
1990

617
386
350
231
189

2.49
N/A
2000

666
440
376
226
194

2.47
3.08
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov




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